Chen Institute for Neuroscience Seminar: Anne Churchland CANCELED
This seminar has been canceled.
We hope to reschedule it soon.
Title: Decision and movement signals in distinct classes of excitatory pyramidal cells
Abstract: Understanding how cortical circuits generate complex behavior requires investigating the cell types that comprise them. Functional differences across pyramidal neuron (PyN) types have been observed within cortical areas, but it is not known whether these local differences extend throughout the cortex, nor whether additional differences emerge when larger-scale dynamics are considered. We used genetic and retrograde labeling to target pyramidal tract (PT), intratelencephalic (IT) and corticostriatal projection neurons and measured their cortex-wide activity. Each PyN type drove unique neural dynamics, both at the local and cortex-wide scale. Cortical activity and optogenetic inactivation during an auditory decision task also revealed distinct functional roles: all PyNs in parietal cortex were recruited during perception of the auditory stimulus, but, surprisingly, PT neurons had the largest causal role. In frontal cortex, all PyNs were required for accurate choices but showed distinct choice-tuning. Our results reveal that rich, cell-type-specific cortical dynamics shape perceptual decisions.