Antonio Rangel

Bing Professor of Neuroscience, Behavioral Biology, and Economics
B.Sc., Caltech, 1993; M.S., Harvard University, 1996; Ph.D., 1998. Instructor, Caltech, 1997-98; Visiting Associate, 2005-06; Associate Professor, 2006-10; Professor, 2010-13; Bing Professor, 2013-.

RESEARCH AREAS

Behavioral and Social Neuroscience; Experimental Social Science

RESEARCH INTERESTS

Neurocomputational Foundations of Simple Choice Self-Control, and Altruism; Applications of Neuroeconomics

PROFILE

Antonio Rangel studies the computational and neurobiological basis of human decision making. He uses a variety of tools from neuroscience, economics, psychology, and computer science, including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), electroencephalography (EEG), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), single-unit recordings in human patients, eye-tracking, and computational modeling.

Those approaches are allowing Rangel and his research collaborators to pursue several avenues of inquiry. They are trying to understand how the brain assigns value to various options when faced with a choice, identifying the regions of the brain that encode those decisions. Eye-tracking experiments are revealing how the brain compares those assigned values to arrive at a decision. The researchers are also studying how the process of valuation changes when people exert control over their decisions—for example, when people try to exercise self-control in choosing to eat broccoli instead of chocolate cake. They are probing how such value is computed in social decision-making situations, such as when choosing to donate to charitable organizations and making decisions concerning moral behavior. Another question concerns how neural computations differ when making decisions for oneself versus for others. Rangel's lab is also interested in how neuroeconomics can be applied to design solutions to real-world problems at both the individual and societal level.

Prior to his time at Caltech, Rangel was on the faculty at Stanford University from 1998 to 2006. He was also a Faculty Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research between 1999 and 2007 and a research associate at the Institut de l'Analisi Economica in Spain from 1998 to 2001. He has served as the president of the Society for Neuroeconomics (2009–2010) and was a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution (2000–2001). He has received a Mentor Recognition Award from the University of California, San Diego (2005), a Harvard University Certificate of Distinction in Teaching (1997), and the Allyn Young Prize for Excellence in Teaching from Harvard (1997).

Selected Publications 

In Press

J. A. Clithero, A. Rangel. Informatic parcellation of the network involved in the computation of subjective value. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, forthcoming. preprint »

C. Frydman, A. Rangel. Debiasing the disposition effect by reducing the saliency of information about a stock's purchase price. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, forthcoming. preprint »

A. Smith, B. D. Bernheim, C. Camerer, A. Rangel. Neural activity reveals preferences without choices, American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, forthcoming. preprint » appendix »

2014

C. Frydman, N. Barberis, C. Camerer, P. Bossaerts, A. Rangel. Using neural data to test a theory of investor behavior: an application to realization utility. Journal of Finance, 2014, 69(2):907-946. pdf »

T. Hare, S. Hakimi, A. Rangel. Activity in dlPFC and its effective connectivity to vmPFC are associated with temporal discounting. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2014, 8:50. pdf »

2013

E. Boorman, R. Adolphs, J. O'Doherty, A. Rangel. The behavioral and neural mechanisms underlying the tracking of expertise. Neuron, 2013, 6, 1558-1571. pdf »

G. Fisher, A. Rangel. Symmetry in cold-to-hot and hot-to-cold valuation gaps. Psychological Science, 2013, 25(1): 120-127. pdf ».

A. Harris, T. Hare, A. Rangel. Temporally dissociable mechanisms of self-control: Early attentional filtering versus late modulation. Journal of Neuroscience, 2013, 33(48):18917-18931. pdf »

V. Janowski, C. Camerer, A. Rangel. Empathic decision-making involves vmPFC value signals that are modulated by social processing implemented in the IPL. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2013,8(2):201-208. pdf »

S. L. Lim, J. O'Doherty, A. Rangel. Stimulus value signals in vmPFC reflect the integration of attribute value signals computed in fusiform gyrus and posterior superior temporal gyrus. Journal of Neuroscience, 2013, 33(20):8729-8741. pdf »

D. McNamee, A. Rangel, J. O'Doherty. Evidence for category-dependent and category-independent goal-value codes in human ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Nature Neuroscience, 2013, 16(4):479-485. pdf »

A. Rangel. Regulation of dietary choice by the decision making circuitry. Nature Neuroscience, 2013. pdf »

A. Rangel, J. A. Clithero. The computation of stimulus values in simple choice. Neuroeconomics: Decision-Making and the Brain, 2nd ed. (edited by Paul Glimcher and Ernst Fehr), 2013. pdf »

2012

C. A. Hutcherson, H. Plassmann, J. J. Gross, A. Rangel. Cognitive regulation during decision-making shifts behavioral control between ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal value systems. Journal of Neuroscience, 2012, 32(39):13543-13554. pdf »

I. Krajbich, D. Lu, C. Camerer, A. Rangel. The attentional drift-diffusion model extends to simple purchasing decisions. Frontiers in Cognitive Science, 2012, 3:193. pdf ».

A. Lin, K. Tsai, A. Rangel, R. Adolphs. Reduced social preferences in autism: evidence from charitable donations. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, 2012, 4(8):1-9. pdf »

A. Lin, R. Adolphs, A. Rangel, Social and monetary reward learning engage overlapping neural substrates. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2012, 7(3):274-281. pdf »

A. Lin, R. Adolphs, A. Rangel. Impaired learning of social compared to monetary rewards in autism. Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience, 6(143). pdf »

M. Milosavljevic, V. Navalpakkam, C. Koch, A. Rangel. Relative visual saliency differences induce sizeable bias in consumer choice. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 2012, 22(1):67-74. pdf »

A. Rangel, J. A. Clithero. Value normalization in decision-making: theory and evidence. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 22:970-981. pdf »

P. Sokol-Hessner, C. Hutcherson, T. Hare, A. Rangel. Decision value computations in DLPFC and VMPFC adjust to the available decision time. European Journal of Neuroscience, 2012, 35:1065-1074. pdf »

2011

E. Fehr, A. Rangel. Neuroeconomic foundations of economic choice - Recent advances. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2011, 25(4):3-30. pdf »

C. Frydman, C. Camerer, P. Bossaerts, A. Rangel. MAOA-L carriers are better at making optimal financial decisions under risk. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 2011, 278(1714):2053-2059. pdf »

T. A. Hare, J. Malmaud, A. Rangel. Focusing attention on the health aspects of food changes value signals in the vmPFC and improves dietary choice. Journal of Neuroscience, 2011, 31:11077-11087. pdf »

T. A. Hare, W. Schultz, C. Camerer, J. O'Doherty, A. Rangel. Transformation of stimulus value signals into motor commands during simple choice. PNAS, 2011, 108:18120-18125. pdf »

A. Harris, R. Adolphs, C. Camerer, A. Rangel. Dynamic construction of stimulus values in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex. PLOS One, 2011, 6(6):e21074. pdf »

R. Jenison, A. Rangel, H. Oya, M. Howard. Value encoding in single neurons in the human amygdala during decision-making. Journal of Neuroscience, 2011, 31:331-338. pdf »

M. Kang, A. Rangel, M. Camus, C.F. Camerer. Hypothetical and real choice differentially activate common valuation areas. Journal of Neuroscience, 2011, 31:461-468. pdf »

I. Krajbich, A. Rangel. A multi-alternative drift diffusion model predicts the relationship between visual fixations and choice in value-based decisions. PNAS, 2011, 108(33):13852-13857. pdf ».

S. L. Lim, J. O'Doherty, A. Rangel.The decision value computations in the vmPFC and striatum use a relative value code that is guided by visual attention. Journal of Neuroscience, 2011, 31:13214-13223. pdf »

M. Milosavljevic, C. Koch, A. Rangel. Consumers can make decisions in as little as a third of a second. Judgment and Decision Making, 2011, 6(6):520-530. pdf »

M. Milosavljevic, E. Madsen, C. Koch, A. Rangel, Fast saccades toward numbers: Simple numerical comparisons can be made in as little as 230 ms. Journal of Vision, 2011, 11(4):1-12. pdf »

E. Reutskaja, R. Nagel, C.F. Camerer, A. Rangel, Search dynamics in consumer choice under time pressure: An eye-tracking study. American Economic Review, 2011, 101:900-906. pdf »

2010

B. Bushong, L.M. King, C.F. Camerer, A. Rangel, Pavlovian processes in consumer choice: The physical presence of a good increases willingness-to-pay. American Economic Review, 2010, 100:1-18. pdf »

T.A. Hare, C.F. Camerer, D.T. Knoepfle, J.P. O'Doherty, A. Rangel, Value computations in ventral medial prefrontal cortex during charitable decision making incorporate input from regions involved in social cognition. Journal of Neuroscience, 2010, 30:583-590. pdf »

I. Krajbich, C. Armel, A. Rangel, Visual fixations and comparison of value in simple choice. Nature Neuroscience, 2010, 13:1292-1298. pdf »

A. Litt, H. Plassmann, B. Shiv, A. Rangel, Dissociating valuation from motivation, attentional, and arousal signals during decision-making. Cerebral Cortex, 2010. pdf »

M. Milosavljevic, J. Malmaud, A. Huth, C. Koch, A. Rangel. The Drift Diffusion Model can account for the accuracy and reaction times of value-based choice under high and low time pressure. Judgment and Decision Making, 2010, 5:437-449. pdf »

V. Navalpakkam, C. Koch, A. Rangel, P. Perona, Optimal reward harvesting in complex perceptual environments. PNAS, 2010, 107:5232-5237. pdf »

H. Plassmann, J. O'Doherty, A. Rangel, Appetitive and aversive goal values are encoded in the medial orbitofrontal cortex at the time of decision making. Journal of Neuroscience, 2010, 30:10799-10808.
pdf »

A. Rangel, T.A. Hare, Neural computations associated with goal-directed choice. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 2010, 20:1-9. pdf »

E. Tricomi, A. Rangel, C.F. Camerer, J.P. O'Doherty, Neural evidence for inequality-averse social preferences. Nature, 2010, 463:1089-1091.
pdf »

K. Wunderlich, A. Rangel, J. O'Doherty, Economic choices can be made using only stimulus values. PNAS, 2010, 107:10505:10510. pdf »

2009

B.D. Bernheim and A. Rangel, Beyond Revealed Preference: Theoretic Foundations for Behavioral Economics, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2009, 124:51-104. pdf »

M. Camus, N. Halelamien, H. Plassmann, S. Shimojo, J. O'Doherty, C. Camerer, A. Rangel, Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex decreases valuations during food choices. European Journal of Neuroscience, 2009, 30(10):1980-1988. pdf »

V. Chib, A. Rangel, S. Shimojo, J.P. O'Doherty, Evidence for a common representation of decision values for dissimilar goods in human ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 2009, 29:12315:12320. pdf »

T.A. Hare, C.F. Camerer, A. Rangel, Self-control in decision-making involves modulation of the vmPFC valuation system. Science, 2009, 324:646-648. pdf »

I. Krajbich, C. Camerer, J. Ledyard, A. Rangel, Using neural measures of economic value to solve the public goods free-rider problem. Science, 2009, 326:596-599. pdf »

Antonio Rangel, The neuroeconomics of simple goal-directed choice, The Cognitive Neurosciences IV, edited by Michael Gazzaniga, 2009. pdf »

B. Weber, A. Rangel, M. Wibral, A. Falk The medial prefrontal cortex exhibits money illusion, PNAS, 106:5025-5028. pdf »

K. Wunderlich, A. Rangel, J.P. O'Doherty, Neural computations underlying action-based decision making in the human brain. PNAS, 2009, 106(40):17199:17204. pdf »

2008

C. Armel, A. Beaumel, A. Rangel, Biasing simple choices by manipulating relative visual attention. Judgment and Decision Making, 2008, 3(5):396-403 pdf »

C. Armel, A. Rangel, The impact of computation time and experience on decision values. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 2008, 98(2):163-168 pdf »

B.D. Bernheim, A. Rangel, Choice-Theoretic Foundations for Behavioral Welfare Economics. The Foundations of Positive and Normative Economics: A Handbook, edited by Andrew Caplin and Andrew Schooter, 2008. link »

B.D. Bernheim, A. Rangel, Behavioral Public Economics, entry for the New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd edition, 2008. pdf »

S. Bray, A. Rangel, S. Shimojo, B. Balleine, J. O'Doherty, The neural mechanisms underlying the influence of Pavlovian cues on human decision-making. Journal of Neuroscience, 2008, 28(22):5861-66 pdf »

T. Hare, J. O'Doherty, C. Camerer, W. Schultz, and A. Rangel, Dissociating the role of the orbitofrontal cortex and the striatum in the computation of goal values and prediction errors. Journal of Neuroscience, 2008, 28(22):5623-30 pdf »

H. Plassmann, J.P. O'Doherty, B. Shiv, A. Rangel, Marketing actions can modulate neural representations of experienced pleasantness. PNAS, 2008, 105(3):1050-54 pdf »

A. Rangel, C. Camerer, and R. Montague, A framework for studying the neurobiology of value-based decision-making. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2008, 9:545-556 pdf »

Antonio Rangel, The computation and comparison of value in goal-directed choice. Neuroeconomics: Decision-Making and the Brain, edited by Paul Glimcher, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, and Russell Poldrack, 2008. link »

M. Spezio, A. Rangel, et al. A neural basis for the effect of candidate appearance on election outcome. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2008, 3(4):344-52. pdf »

2007

H. Plassmann, J.P. O'Doherty, A. Rangel, Medial OFC encodes willingness-to-pay in simple economic transactions. Journal of Neuroscience, 2007, 27(37):9984-88. pdf »

B.D Bernheim, A. Rangel, Toward Choice-Theoretic Foundations for Behavioral Welfare Economics. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 2007:464-470. pdf »

B.D. Bernheim, A. Rangel, Behavioral Public Economics: Welfare and Policy Analysis With Non-standard Decision-Makers, in P. Diamond & H. Vartiainen (eds.), Behavioral Economics and its Applications, Princeton University Press, 2007. pdf »

Pre-2007

B.D. Bernheim, A. Rangel, L. Rayo, The Power of the Last Word in Legislative Policy Making. Econometrica, 2006 74(5):1161-90. pdf »

B.D. Bernheim, A. Rangel, From Neuroscience to Public Policy: A New Economic View of Addiction. Swedish Economic Policy Review, 2006, 12:11-46. pdf »

A. Rangel, How to Protect Future Generations Using Tax Base Restrictions, American Economic Review, March 2005, 95(1): 314-346. link »

B.D. Bernheim, A. Rangel, Addiction and Cue-Triggered Decision Processes. American Economic Review, 2004, 94(5):1558-90. pdf », Appendix »

A. Rangel, Forward and Backward Intergenerational Goods: Why is Social Security Good for the Environment?. American Economic Review, 2003, 93(3):813-34 link »

E. Cantillon, A. Rangel, A Graphical Analysis of Some Basic Results in Social Choice, Social Choice and Welfare, 2002, 19:587-611

A. Rangel, R. Zeckhauser, Can Markets and Political Institutions Generate Optimal Intergenerational Risk Sharing? in J. Campbell and M. Feldstein (eds.), Risk Aspects of Investment Based Social Security Reform, Chicago University Press, 2001

E. Helpman, A. Rangel, Adjusting to a New Technology: Experience and Training, Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 4, no. 4, December 1999, 359-383.

J. Ledyard, D. Porter, A. Rangel, Experiments Testing Multi-object Allocation Mechanisms, Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, Fall 1997, 6(3):639-75

J. Ledyard, D. Porter, A. Rangel, Using Computerized Exchange Systems to Solve an Allocation Problem in Project Management, Journal of Organizational Computing, 1994, 4(3):271-296

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